Jacaranda Estate is a garden of exotic plants, fruit and nut trees, a citrus orchard and a vineyard located within the township of Wingham and walking distance to the shopping centre, Wingham Brush nature reserve and the Manning River. The best description of the property is therefore a Vinegarden.
The bordered “garden rooms” adjoining the street are planted with Japanese Maples and many other exotic plants and shrubs. Two magnificent old Jacarandas stand guard over the front gates and hedges of Leighton Greens create a virtual walled garden allowing the Cellar Door building its own street front space.
The Cellar Door building provides our venue for wine tasting and sales as well as being our fruit handling and Amarone grape drying area.
The citrus orchard produces grapefruit, mandarin, lemons and oranges for use in our liqueurs. As well the orchard includes persimmon, mulberry and guava and the row on our Western boundary includes olives, apricots, peaches, apples, cherries, figs, macadamia, loquats and pecan.
We have an extensive vegetable and herb garden for our own use.
Each vine row has a Kumquat tree at each end with the fruit being used for jam and liqueurs and then bordering Cedar Party Creek are various mature rainforest trees including Lilly Pilly and Casuarinas.
On the creek is a pontoon with its own barbeque and seating providing a floating haven for lunch and a spot of fishing.
About one third of the Estate is dedicated to vines of Pinot Noir and Chardonnay which are trained in our own protocol which we term the Bella Bookcase Canopy Management System. “Bookcase” because the canopy resembles a bookcase. Very high and narrow utilising 10 foliage wires which creates a canopy no thicker than a book. This allows virtually every leaf to see the sun.
As Mark will explain to visitors; “the leaf is a photosynthesis factory that is powered by sunshine. Any leaf that does not expose itself to sunshine is a passenger; it is a taker not a giver. There is a protocol that every bunch needs 7-9 leaves to ripen but if those leaves don’t see the sun then forget that rule.”
“Bella” because after Mark formulated his trellising system Belinda suggested a further height addition utilising the same standoff wires they had installed on the sides of the blocks to keep the nets away from the fruit and stop the birds helping themselves. These additional wires allow the nets to be above the foliage hence reducing the micro climate humidity and allowing canes to extend further upwards without needing trimming to stop them leaning over and shading other leaves and the bunches.
The trellising system requires 25 kilometres of wire per acre.
As researched by Professor Jordan in New Zealand over many years, UV-B is the short wavelength UV that assists in the vine producing phenolics which are the flavour compounds produced by the berries and stored in the skins. This trellising system provides the opportunity to capture as much UV-B as possible resulting in increased flavour in the juice and a wine rich in flavour.
Soil compaction reduces the vine’s ability to access nutrients and moisture. When tractors and spray rigs constantly travel along vine rows they compact the soil close to the vines which inhibits the vine from utilising the interow and restricts their moisture and nutrient reservoir by up to 80% resulting in the vine becoming totally dependent on the drip irrigation and fertigation strip of only about half a metre wide.
At Jacaranda Estate we do not allow any tractors, 4wd’s or spray rigs in the vines. The only vehicle allowed is a balloon tyred ride on mower and all curative spraying is done by an innovative overhead high pressure mister system that we have uniquely developed.
Along with other viticultural techniques including products derived from seaweed, fish and worms, Jacaranda Estate is able to produce the highest quality fruit at high yields with intense phenolics resulting in unique Artisan Wines of world standard.